Despite countless policies and interventions by global bodies and organisations, the HIV infection rate continues to rise worldwide, with recent statistics accounting for 38 million HIV infections worldwide, with the majority (66%) of these infections occurring in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Male circumcision has been recognised by the WHO and UNAIDS as a priority intervention in reducing the incidence of HIV.
According to the WHO, globally there are 5. 500 new HIV infections every day. The overwhelming majority of transmission occurs through sexual intercourse.
As for the emergency response to HIV/Aids, the implementation of evidence-based scientific studies in upscaling programs is challenging but more readily achievable.
Antiretroviral medication (ARV’s) is proven to be effective in the prevention of HIV transmissions (up to 90%), but this is a costly solution. Adding pressure to the already overburdened health services in priority countries in Sub-Saharan Africa is not a scalable, cost-effective or timeous solution.
Current methods for managing sexual HIV transmissions include:
- Use of condoms
Circumcision is the only one of these methods that offers a once-off solution that is not behaviour-dependent.
Presently, male circumcision is the most cost effective way of fighting HIV as it reduces the incidence of HIV transmission by 60%.
Circumcisions can be performed by surgical method or by using a circumcision device. The search for a circumcision device that can safely and cost effectively fast track male circumcisions continues.